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高级英语第一册修辞(1-9课)  

2009-12-31 16:10:04|  分类: 高级英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Figures of speech: simile, metaphor, personification, synecdoche, anticlimax, metonymy, repetition, exaggeration, euphemism, antonomasia, parody.

1)      Little monkeys with harmoniously tinkling bells thread their way among the throngs of people entering and leaving the bazaar.(metaphor)-----Page1,Lesson1.

2)      It grows louder and more distinct ,until you round a corner and see a fairyland of dancing flashes ,as the burnished copper catches the light of innumerable lamps and braziers.(metaphor and personification)---------- P2,L1.

3)      The dye-market ,the pottery-market ,and the carpenters’ market lie elsewhere in the maze of vaulted streets which honeycomb this bazaar.(metaphor)-----P3,L1

4)      Every here and there, a doorway gives a glimpse of a sunlit courtyard, perhaps before a mosque or a caravanserai, where camels lie disdainfully chewing their hay, while… (personification)------P3, L1.

5)      It is a vast ,somber cavern of a room ,some thirty feet high and sixty feet square , and so thick with the dust of centuries that the mudbrick roof are only dimly visible.(metaphor)---P4,L1

6)      There were fresh bows ,and the faces grew more and more serious each time the name Hiroshima was repeated .(synecdoche)------P15,L2

7)      “Seldom has a city gained such world renown, and I am proud and happy to welcome you to Hiroshima, a town known throughout the world for its-oysters”. (anticlimax)----P15, L2.

8)      But later my hair began to fall out , and my belly turned to water .I felt sick ,and ever since then they have been testing and treating me .(alliteration)-----P17, L2.

9)      Acre by acre ,the rain forest is being burned to create fast pasture for fast-food beef .(alliteration)-----P30,L3

10)   According to our guide ,the biologist Tom Lovejoy, there are more different species of birds in each square mile of the Amazon than exist in all of North America-which means we are silently thousands of songs we have ever heard .(metonymy)----P31,L3.

11)   What should we feel toward these ghosts in the sky?(metaphor)---P32,L3.

12)   Have you ever seen a lame animal ,perhaps dog run over by some careless person rich enough to own a car ,sidle up to someone who is ignorant enough to be kind of him?(metaphor)

13)   And she stops and tries to dig a well in the sand with her toe. (exaggeration)----P58, L4.

14)   I feel my whole face warming from the heat waves it throws out .(exaggeration)

15)   After I tripped over it two or three times he told me to just call him Hakim-a-barber.(metaphor)-------P60,L4.

16)   Maggie’s brain is like an elephant’s.Wangero said ,laughing .(ironic)—P62, L4.

17)   You didn’t even have to look close to see where hands pushing the dasher up and down to make butter had left a kind of sink in the wood .(metaphor)----P62,L4.

18)   Mama,Wangero said sweet as a bird .can I have these old quilts?(simile)---P63, L4.

19)   She gasped like a bee had stung her .(simile)

20)   Churchill ,he reverted to this theme, and I asked whether for him, the arch anti-communist ,this was not bowing down in the House of Rimmon.(metaphor)

21)   If Hitler invaded Hell and would make at least a favorable reference to the Devil in the House of Commons.(exaggeration)----P79,L5.

22)   But all this fades away before the spectacle which is now unfolding.(metaphor)

I see also the dull, drilled, docile, brutish masses of the Hun soldiery plodding on like a swarm of crawling locusts.(simile)

24I see the Russian soldiers standing on the threshold of their native land ,guarding the fields which their fathers have tilled from time immemorial.(Metaphor)----P79, L5.

25I see the German bombers and fighters in the sky ,street smarting from many a British whipping to find what they believe is an easier and a safer prey.(Metaphor)---P80, L5.

26) We will never parley; we will never negotiate with Hitler or any of his gang. We shall fight him by land, we shall fight him by sea, we shall fight him in the air. (Parallelism)

27) Just as the industrial Revolution took over an immense range of tasks from men’s muscles and enormously expanded productivity. (Metonymy)

28) The back door opens to let out the dog .The TV set blinks on with the day’s first newscast: a selective rundown… (Personification)----P115, L7.

29) The latter-day Aladdin, still snugly abed, then presses a button on a bedside box and issues a string of business and personal memos. (Antonomasia)

30) Following eyeball-to-eyeball consultations with the butcher and the baker and grocer on the tube, she hits a button to commandeer supplies for tonight’s dinner party. (Synecdoche)

31) The microelectronic revolution promises to ease, enhance and simplify life in ways undreamed of even by the utopians. (Synecdoche)----P116, L7.

32) In the microelectronic village, the home will again be the center of society, as it was before the industrial Revolution. (Metaphor)

33) the Device’s ubiquitous eye, sensing where people are at all times, will similarly the lights on an off as needed. (Metaphor)

34) Next to health, heart, and home, happiness for mobile Americans depends upon the automobile. (Alliteration, metonymy repetition,)-----P118, L7.

35) Computer technology may make the car, as we know it, a Smithsonian antique. (Antonomasia)

36) For the mighty army of consumers, the ultimate applications of the computer revolution are still around the bend of a silicon circuit. (Parody)----P120, L7

37) His competitors envisioned the greater potential for entertainment and art, where he saw internal memos, someone else saw Beethoven. (Synecdoche)

38) Will government regulate messages sent out on this vast data highway? (Metaphor)

39) Philips Interactive, for example, has dozens of titles, among them a tour of the Smithsonian, in which the viewer selects which corridor to enter by clicking on the screen. (Antonomasia)

40) She says consumers would be a little like information cowboys,rounding up data from computer based archives and information services.(Simile)

41) To prevent getting trampled by a stampede of data, viewers will rely on programmed electronic selectors that could go out into the info corral and rape in the subjects the viewer wants. (Metaphor)

42) Maes and others concede that there’s a dark side to all these bright dreams. (Metaphor)

43) And where there are agents, can counteragents be far behind: spies who might like to keep tabs on the activities of your electronic butlers? (Parody)----P137, L8.

44) Indeed, intelligent agents could be a gold mine of information. (Metaphor)-----P137, L8.

 

 

23)   A pleasant surprise, of course: What would they do if parent and child came on the show only to curse out and insult each other?

24)   Who ever knew Johnson with a quick tongue?

25)   Who can ever imagine me looking a strange white man in the eye?

26)   Why don’t you do a dance around the ashes

27)   “Why don’t you take one or two of the others?” I asked.  (24-28) rhetorical question)

29. Metaphor:

Mark Twain --- Mirror of America

saw clearly ahead a black wall of night...

main artery of transportation in the young nation's heart

the vast basin drained three-quarters of the settled United States

All would resurface in his books...that he soaked up...

Steamboat decks teemed...main current of...but its flotsam

When railroads began drying up the demand...

...the epidemic of gold and silver fever...

Twain began digging his way to regional fame...

Mark Twain honed and experimented with his new writing muscles...

...took unholy verbal shots...

Simile:

Most American remember M. T. as the father of...

...a memory that seemed phonographic

Hyperbole:

...cruise through eternal boyhood and ...endless summer of freedom...

The cast of characters... - a cosmos.

Parallelism:

Most Americans remember ... the father of Huck Finn's idyllic cruise through eternal boyhood and Tom Sawyer's endless summer of freedom and adventure.

Personification:

life dealt him profound personal tragedies...

the river had acquainted him with ...

...to literature's enduring gratitude...

...an entry that will determine his course forever...

the grave world smiles as usual...

Bitterness fed on the man...

America laughed with him.

Personal tragedy haunted his entire life.

Antithesis:

...between what people claim to be and what they really are..

...took unholy verbal shots at the Holy Land...

...a world which will lament them a day and forget them forever

Euphemism:

...men's final release from earthly struggle

Alliteration:

...the slow, sleepy, sluggish-brained sloths stayed at home

...with a dash and daring...

...a recklessness of cost or consequences...

Metonymy:

...his pen would prove mightier than his pickaxe

Synecdoche

1.       Keelboats,...carried the first major commerce

 

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